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Wood Allergens


Here are 373 woods known to cause health problems.  Exposure to any wood dust can cause health problems.   Whether they affect someone and how badly the problems are depends on the amount of exposure and the body chemistry of the individual.  Many of these are sensitizers and the health problems may not show up until a certain amount of exposure.   Many of these have different common names and the scientific descriptions are somewhat imprecise especially at the retail level.   You can use a Dylos Air Quality Monitor to measure the amount of wood dust in the air. 

Besides these, and many other woods, there can be grave health risks in glues, epoxies, finishes and similar used in wood woodworking.  Anything that is used as a liquid and dries to a solid has a solvent that evaporates.  These solvents are volatile to extremely volatile and can have very serious health effects.

Type

Reaction

Site

Potency

Source

Incidence

Bald Cypress Sensitizer Respiratory Low Dust Rare
Balsam Fir Sensitizer Eyes, skin Low Leaves, bark Common
Beech Sensitizer, nasopharyngeal cancer Eyes, skin, respiratory Medium Leaves, bark; dust Common
Birch Sensitizer Respiratory Medium Wood, dust Common
Black Locust Irritant, nausea Eyes, skin High Leaves, bark Common
Blackwood Sensitizer Eyes, skin Medium Dust, wood Common
Boxwood Sensitizer Eyes, skin Medium Dust, wood Common
Cashew Sensitizer Eyes, skin Low Dust, wood Rare
Cocobolo Irritant, sensitizer Eyes, skin, respiratory High Dust, wood Common
Dahoma Irritant Eyes, skin Medium Dust, wood Common
Ebony Irritant, sensitizer Eyes, skin Medium Dust, wood Common
Elm Irritant Eyes, skin Low Dust Rare
Goncalo aves Sensitizer Eyes, skin Medium Dust, wood Rare
Greenheart (Surinam) Sensitizer Eyes, skin High Dust, wood Common
Hemlock Nasopharyngeal cancer Respiratory varies Dust Unknown
Iroko Irritant, sensitizer, pneumonia Eyes, skin, respiratory High Dust, wood Common
Mahogany (Swietenia) Sensitizer, pneumonia Skin, respiratory Low Dust Unknown
Mansonia Irritant, sensitizer, nausea Eyes, skin High Dust, wood Com
Maple (C. Corticale mold) Sensitizer, pneumonia Respiratory High Dust Common
Mimosa Nausea   varies Leaves, bark Unknown
Myrtle Sensitizer Respiratory Medium Leaves, bark; dust Common
Oak Sensitizer, nasopharyngeal cancer Eyes, skin Medium - varies Leaves, bark; dust Rare, unknown
Obeche Irritant, sensitizer Eyes, skin, respiratory High Dust, wood Common
Oleander Direct toxin, nausea Cardiac Very High Dust, wood, leaves, bark Common
Olivewood Irritant, sensitizer Eyes, skin, respiratory High Dust, wood Common
Opepe Sensitizer Respiratory Low Dust Rare
Padauk Sensitizer, nausea Eyes, skin Low Dust, wood Rare
Pau ferro Sensitizer Eyes, skin Low Dust, wood Rare
Peroba rosa Irritant, nausea Respiratory Medium Dust, wood Unknown
Purpleheart Nausea   Medium Dust, wood Common
Quebracho Irritant, nasopharyngeal cancer, nausea Respiratory Medium - varies Dust, leaves, bark Common, unknown
Redwood Sensitizer, nasopharyngeal cancer, pneumonia Skin, eyes, respiratory Medium - varies Dust Rare, unknown
Rosewoods Irritant, sensitizer Skin, eyes, respiratory Very High Dust, wood Common
Satinwood Irritant Skin, eyes, respiratory High Dust, wood Common
Sassafras Sensitizer, nasopharyngeal cancer, direct toxin, nausea Respiratory Low - varies Dust, wood, leaves, bark Rare, unknown
Sequoia Irritant Respiratory Low Dust Rare
Snakewood Irritant Respiratory Medium Dust, wood Rare
Spruce Sensitizer Respiratory Low Dust, wood Rare
Walnut, Black Sensitizer Skin, eyes Medium Dust Common
Wenge Sensitizer Skin, eyes, respiratory Medium Dust, wood Common
Western red cedar Sensitizer Respiratory High Dust, leaves, bark Common
Willow Sensitizer, nausea Respiratory Low Dust, wood, leaves, bark Unknown
Teak Sensitizer, pneumonia Skin, eyes, respiratory Medium Dust Common
Yew Irritant, direct toxin, nausea Skin, eyes, cardiac Medium - Very high Dust, wood Common
Zebrawood Sensitizer Skin, eyes Medium Dust, wood

Rare

 

Find more Wood Allergens:

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

 A:

 

african-blackwood.jpg

African Blackwood

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Abachi Wood Dust Triplochiton scleroxylon Nausea, eye irritation, giddiness
Abiruana Lucuma sp. Splinters cause skin inflammation
Abura Mitragina ciliata Dust - vomiting, nausea, giddiness, eye irritant.
A-Dead-Finish Acacia cyperophylla Wood splinter and thorns cause skin irritation. Dust causes dermatitis
Afara Terminalia superba Dust, wood - nettle rash. Nose and gum bleeding. Reduced lung function. Spliters go septic.
African Blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon Irritation to nose and throat, headache, asthma fainting, shortness of breath, erythema, acute dermatitis, sneezing, conjunctivitis
African Boxwood Gonioma kamassi Dust, sap etc - irritant nose, throat. Asthma, fainting, headaches, short breath.
African Mahogany Khaya anthotheca Dermatitis in face, forearms and back of the hands, swollen eyelids, irritation to mucous membranes, nasal cancer, irritation of alimentary tract.
African Maple Triplochiton scleroxylon Dermatitis in face, fore arms and back of the hands, swollen eyelids
African Teak or Iroko Chlorophora excelsa Dysponea, wheezing, sneezing, rhinitis, nasal itching
African Walnut Lovoa trichilioides Dysponea, wheezing, sneezing, rhinitis, nasal itching, irritation to mucous membranes, nasal cancer, irritation of alimentary tract
African Zebra Wood Microberlinia sp. Irritation to mucous membranes, nasal cancer, irritation of alimentary tract
Afrormosia Pericopsis elata Dust, wood - eye, skin irritant. Effects on nervous system. Rhinitis, asthma, splinters go septic.
Afzelia Fabaceae caesalpinioideae Dust - nose and throat irritant. Resiraptory problems. Dermititis.
Agba Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum) Asthma, cough, dysponea, dust - dermititis
Albizzia Albizia falcataria Asthma, cough, dysponea, irritation to nose, eyes, alimentary tract, nausea, dermatitis
Alder Alnus betulaceae Dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma, irritation to mucous membranes, nose, mouth, throat, genitals, armpits
Alpine Ash Eucalyptus delegatensis Dermatitis
Amboyna Pterocarpus indicus Dust - asthma, nausea, dermatitis.
American Beech Fagus grandifolia Dust - reduced lung function, nasal cancer, eye irritant. Dermatitis.
American Cherry Prunus, serotina Dust - wheezing, giddiness.
American Elm Ulmus americana Dust - nose eye irritant, dermatitis.
American Mahogany Swietenia macrophylla Irritation to nose, eyes, alimentary tract, nausea, dermatitis, skin irritation, giddiness, vomiting, furunculosis
American Sweet Gum Liquidambar styraciflua Dust - dermatitis.
American Walnut Quercus spp.) Dust, wood - skin and eye irritant.
American White Oak Quercus alba Dust - asthma, sneezing. Nose, eye irritant. Nasal cancer.
American Red Oak Quercus rubra Dust - asthma, sneezing. Nose, eye irritant. Nasal cancer.
American Whitewood L. Tulipifera Dust - general allergenic, dermatitis.
Arbor Vitae Thuja standishii Dermatitis
Ash Oleaceae Dust - reduced lung function, rhinitis, asthma.
Assamela Pericopsis elata Irritation to mucous membranes, nasal cancer, irritation of alimentary tract
Australian Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon Dust, wood - nose and throat irritation. Dermititis, asthma. Sensitiser.
Australian Red Cedar Toonaciliata australis Dust - nose throat irritant, violent headache, dermatitis, giddiness, stomach cramps, asthma, bronchitis.
Australian Silky Oak Grevillea robusta Dust, greenwood - dermatitis
Avodire Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum) Dust - dermatitis, nosebleeds, respiratory irritation, internal bleeding.
Ayan Distemonanthus benthamianus Irritation to nose, eyes and throat, dermatitis

 B:

 

blue-gum.jpg

Blue Gum

 

 

 

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum Dust - respiratory problems. General sensitiser.
Balsam Fir Abies balsamea Leaves, bark - skin and eye irritant and sensitiser
Bean - Black  Castanospermum australe Skin irritation, giddiness, vomiting, furunculosis
Bean - Castor  Ricinus communis Skin irritation, giddiness, vomiting, furunculosis
Bean - Green Coffee  Coffea Can cause varying allergic reactions
Bean - Red  Dysoxylon muelleri Can cause varying allergic reactions
Beech - European  Fagus sylvatica Sap causes blistering of skin, eye irritation
Bibu Holigarna arnottiana Sap causes blistering of skin, eye irritation
Bigleaf Maple Acer macrophyllum Dust - rhinitis, allergic bronchial asthma, dermititis
Birch Betula betulaceae Dermatitis, itchiness, irritation of mucous membranes, aspirin allergies
Black Bean Castanospermum australe Dermatitis, itchiness, irritation of mucous membranes
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Wheezing, giddiness
Black Walnut Juglans nigra   Wheezing, giddiness
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon Can cause varying allergic reactions
Blackwood - African  Acacia melanoxylon Dermatitis, asthma, irritation to nose and throat, skin reactions
Blue Gum Eucalyptus saligna Dust, wood - dermatitis.
Blue Gum - South Australian  E. Leucoxylon Dermatitis, nasal and throat irritation
Bocote, Becote Cordia elaeagnoides   Can cause varying allergic reactions
Bois De Rose, Madagascar Rosewood  Dalbergia maritima Can cause varying allergic reactions
Bougainvillea Bougainvillea spp. Can cause varying allergic reactions
Box - White Top  E. Quadrangulata Can cause varying allergic reactions
Box Elder Acer negundo Dust - rhinitis, allergic bronchial asthma. Dermititis.
Boxwood Buxus sempervirens Dust, wood - irritant to eyes, nose, throat. Dermititis, sensitiser.
Boxwood - African  Myrsine africana Can cause varying allergic reactions
Boxwood - European  Gossypiospermum spp Headache, nausea, painful swelling of arms, visual disturbances
Boxwood, Knysna Gonioma kamassi Dermatitis
Brazilian Rosewood Dalbergia nigra   Nasal irritation, frequent headache, sinus problems, slight fever, clammy skin
Brazilwood Caesalpinia echinata Headache, nausea, painful swelling of arms, visual disturbances
Brigalow Acacia harpophylla) Bark dust and wood dust - nose, eye, throat and groin irritant
Brush Box Tristania conferata Dermatitis, kidney damage, irritation to nose and throat
Bubinga Guibourtia tessmannii Asthma, dysponea, wheezing, dermatitis, possibly caused by sensitizing quinones
Burmese Rosewood Dalbergia cultrate Nasal irritation, strong headache
Butternut Juglans cinerea Dust - skin and eye irritant.
Butternut - Rose  Blepharocarya involucrigera Nasal irritation, strong headache

  C:

western-red-cedar.jpg

 Western Red Cedar

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Caiophyiium Caiophyiium spp. Contains camphor and borneol, serious toxicity and even death in children, dermatitis, shortness of breath, mild heart stimulant, can penetrate the skin
California Redwood Calophyllum spp. Dermatitis, kidney damage, irritation to nose and throat
Camphor Laurel Cinnamomum camphora Can cause dermatitis and shortness of breath
Camphorwood Cinnamomum camphora   Can cause dermatitis and shortness of breath
Caroba Jacaranda caroba Dermatitis
Cashew Anacardium occidentale Asthma, rhinitis, chest tightness, cough, dyspnoea, sap causes blisters, wood dust dermatitis
Castor Bean Ricinus communis Asthma, rhinitis, chest tightness, cough, dyspnoea
Cedar - Eastern White  Thuja occidentalis Can cause varying allergic reactions
Cedar - Red  Toona ciliata Can cause varying allergic reactions
Cedar - South American  Cedrela spp.) Rhinorrhea, cough, wheezing, dysponea
Cedar - Western Red  Thuja plicata Rhinorrhea, cough, wheezing, dysponea
Cedar - White  Thuja occidentalis or arborvitae Chest tightness, wheeze, dry cough, nasal obstruction, frontal headache, dermatitis
Cedar Of Lebanon Cedra libani Dermatitis, irritation to nose and throat, conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma, nausea
Cedar, Western Red Thuja plicata Can cause varying allergic reactions
Central American Walnut Juglans olanchana Dermatitis
Ceylon Satinwood  Chloroxylon swietenia Bark and wood dust may cause skin irritation, headache, swollen scrotum, nasal irritant. Dermititis.
Cherry - Black Prunus serotina Can cause varying allergic reactions
Chinese Sumach Ailanthus altissima Dermatitis
Coachwood Ceratopetalum apetalem Dust - dermatitis
Cocabolla (Cocobolo) Dalbergia retusa Dust, wood - irritant to skin, nose, throat. Conjunctivitis, nausea, bronchial asthma, wheezing, tight chest, headache.
Cocobolo (Cocabolla) Dalbergia granadillo Dermatitis, irritation to nose and throat, conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma, nausea
Cocus Brya ebenus Dermatitis
Cocuswood Brya ebenus Dermatitis, coughing, sneezing, nose bleeding
Coffee Bean - Green  Coffea Dermatitis
Coolibah Eucalyptus microtheca Skin discoloration, eye irritation, keratitis, skin irritation (bark & wood dust)
Cooliman Tree (Shitwood) Gyrocarpus americanus Assume everything ! - blindness
Cotton Seed Gossypium hirsutum Dermatitis, nasal cancer, irritation to eyes and throat and nasal irritation
Cottonwood Populus aegiros Dermatitis, nasal cancer, irritation to eyes and throat and nasal irritation
Courbaril Hymenaea courbaril Dust - skin irritant.
Crow's Ash Flindersia australis Dermatitis
Cypress Pine - White  Callitris glaucophyla Can cause varying allergic reactions

 D:

douglas-fir.jpg

Douglas fir

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Dahoma Piptadeniastrum africanum Dermatitis, coughing, sneezing, nose bleeding
De Violette or Violet Wood, Violetta, Kingwood  Dalbergia cearensis ducke Very severe skin irritant, often leading to persistent ulceration
Desert Ironwood Olneya tesota Dust - rhinitis, sneezing.
Difundu Vitex congolensis de wild Dermatitis, headache, swelling of scrotum, irritation of mucous membranes
Djohar Cassia siamea Dermatitis, headache, swelling of scrotum, irritation of mucous membranes, skin discoloration, eye irritation, keratitis
Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii Asthma, dermatitis, giddiness, vomiting, mahogany cough
Dutch Elm Ulmus americana Dust - dermatitis, eyes nose throat irritant. Nasal cancer.
Dymondwood Manmade Asthma, aniline dyes proven carcinogenic, sensitizing agents, allergic contact dermatitis.

 E:

ebony.jpg

Ebony

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
East African Olive Olea welwitschif Dust - eye, skin, respiratory irritant
East Indian Rosewood  Dalbergia latifolia Skin inflammation, acute dermatitis, sneezing, conjunctivitis
East Indian Rosewood, Sonokoling Dalbergia latifolia Skin inflammation, acute dermatitis, sneezing, conjunctivitis
East Indian Satinwood Chloroxylon swietenia Nasal cancer, dermatitis, headache, swelling of scrotum, irritation of mucous membranes
Eastern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Dermatitis, irritation to nose, eyes and throat
Ebony Diospyros ebenaceae Dermatitis, irritation to nose, eyes and throat, sneezing conjunctivitis
Ebony - Macassar  Diospyros ebenaceae Dermatitis, irritation of mucous membranes, cancer, irritating odor, causes sneezing, stains the skin to a purple color, has a vesicant action
Ekki Lophira alata Dust, wood - itching. Dermatitis.
Elm - European  Ulmus ulmaceae Dermatitis, irritation of mucous membranes, cancer
English Elm Ulmus procera salisb. Dust - dermatitis, eyes nose throat irritant. Nasal cancer.
European Beech Fagus sylvatica Dermatitis, nasal and sinus cancer, reduced lung function eye irritant
European Boxwood Buxus sempervirens Dermatitis, irritation to nose, eyes and throat, nasal cancer
European Elm Ulmus ulmaceae Irritation of nose and throat, dermatitis, nasal cancer
European Larch Larix decidua Dust, bark - resiratory irritant, nettle rash, dermatitis.
European Maple Acer platanoides Dust - reduced lung function. Sensitiser.
European Oak Quercus Dust - sneezing, nasal cancer, dermatitis.
European Olive Olea europaea Dust - eye, skin, respiratory irritant
European Walnut Juglans regia Dust - nose, eye throat irritant. Nasal cancer. Dermatitis.
Eyum Dialium dinklageri Itchy skin, irritation to eyes and nose

 F:

ficus-2.jpg

Ficus Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Ficus Ficus spp Can cause varying allergic reactions
Fir - Douglas  Pseudotsuga menziesii Asthma, dermatitis, giddiness, vomiting, mahogany cough
Freijo Cordia alliodora Dust, wood - skin sensitiser.

 

 G:

gum-tree.jpg

Gum Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Gaboon Aukoumea klaineana Headache, wheezing, shortness of breath, disturbance of vision, diarrhoea, erythema
Gedu Nohor Entandrophragma angolense Dust, wood - dermatitis.
Goncalo Alves Astronium fraxinifolium Dust, wood - dermititis, skin and eye irritant. Sensitiser.
Grass Tree (Blackboy) Xanthorrhoea sp. Dermatitis and skin reactions
Green Coffee Bean Coffea Eczema, irritation of mucous membranes, skin irritation
Greenheart Ocotea rodiaei Dermatitis, asthma, nausea, disturbance of vision, headache, wheezing, shortness of breath, diarrhea, erythema, cardiac and intestinal disorder, severe throat irritant. Sensitiser. Splinters go septic.
Grey Box E. Hemiphloia Eczema, irritation to mucous membranes, irritant skin, throat, nose. Eczema
Grey Myrtle  Diospyros sp. Skin eruptions from splinters
Guanacaste Enterolobium cyclocarpum Dust - mucous membrane irritaion, general allergenic irritation.
Guarea Guarea thompsonii Dermatitis, asthma, nausea, disturbance of vision, headache, mucous membrane. Nausea, headaches, visual disturbance, asthma. Dermatitis
Gum - South Australian Blue  E. Leucoxylon Can cause varying allergic reactions
Gum - Spotted  E. Maculata Can cause varying allergic reactions
Gum - Yellow  Eucalyptus leucoxylon Irritation to nose and throat
Gutta Percha   Excoecaria parvifolia Temporary blindness from milky sap in the eye.

 H:

hard-maple.jpg

Hard Maple

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Handlewood - White  Pseudomorus brunoniana Dermatitis, asthma, sap very irritant to eyes, dust causes dermatitis, abdominal pains, nausea
Hard Maple Acer saccharum Dust - may reduce lung function.
Honduran Rosewood Dalbergia stevensonii Dermatitis

 

 I:

indian-teak.jpg

Indian Teak

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Idigbo Terminalia ivorensis Dust - irritant, skin and respiratory problems.
Imbuia Phoebe porosa Dust - nose, eye, skin irritant
Indian Laurel Ficus microcarpa Dust - irritant
Indian Rosewood Dalbergia latifolia Dermatitis
Indian Teak Tectona grandis Dermatitis, shortness of breath, headache, disturbance of vision
Ipe - Lapacho Tabebuia ipe Dermatitis, shortness of breath, headache, disturbance of vision
Iroko (African Teak) Chlorophora excelsa Dermatitis, furunculosis, oedema of eyelids, respiratory difficulties, giddiness, itching of exposed skin areas, oedema of the face, acute coryza, headache, pharyngitis, dry cough, dysponea
Ispaghula Plantago psyllium / plantago ovata Can cause varying allergic reactions
Ivorywood (South American) Balfourodendron riedelianum Dermatitis

 J:

jarrah-tree.jpg

Jarrah Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Jacaranda Pardo Machaerium villosum Dust, wood - general allergenic. Dermatitis.
Jacareuba Calophyllum brasiliense Dermatitis, loss of appetite, kidney damage, fainting, insomnia
Japanese Ash Fraxinus mandschurica Dust - reduced lung function.
Japanese Oak Lithocarpus glaber Dust - sneezing, nasal cancer, dermatitis.
Jarrah Eucalyptus marginata Dermatitis, loss of appetite, kidney damage, fainting, insomnia, irritation to nose, throat and eyes
Jelutong Dyera costulata Dust, wood - contact allergies.

 

 K:

keruing2.jpg

Keruing Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Katon Sandoricum indicum Irritation to nose, throat and eyes
Kejaat Wood Pterocarpus angolensis Can cause varying allergic reactions
Keruing Dipterocarpus spp. Dyspnoea, chest tightness, cough, sneezing, severe headache, dermatitis
Kingwood, De Violette, Violet Wood, Violetta Dalbergia cearensis ducke Dermatitis, very severe skin irritant, often leading to persistent ulceration
Kokko Leguminosae kokko Dust - irritant to eyes, nose and throat.
Kokrodua Pericopsis elata Irritation to mucous membranes, nasal cancer, irritation of alimentary tract
Kwila (Merbau) Intsia bijuga Irritation to nose and throat, dermatitis, rhinitis

 

 L:

lapacho-tree.png

Lapacho Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Laburnum Laburnum anagyroides Seeds - seeds highly toxic
Lancewood - Red  Manilkara huberi Dermatitis
Laos Rosewood, Thai Rosewood, Cochin Rosewood Dalbergia cochinchinensis Can cause varying allergic reactions
Lapacho - Ipe Tabebuia ipe Can cause varying allergic reactions
Latex Hevea brasiliensis Dermatitis, rhinitis
Lauan (Meranti) Shorea dipterocarpaceae Dust - general irritant. Dermatitis.
Laurel - Camphor  Cinnamomum camphora Dermatitis, rhinitis
Lebanon - Cedar Of  Cedra libani Can cause varying allergic reactions
Lemon Scented Gum Corymbia citriodara Dermatitis
Lignum Vitae Guaiacum zygophyllaceae Dermatitis
Limba Terminalia superba Splinters may cause festering sores or skin irritation
Lingue Afzelia africana Irritation to eyes, nose and throat

 

 M:

mahogany-tree.jpg

Mahogany Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Macassar Ebony Diospyros celebica Irritating odor, sneezing, stains skin to a purple color, has a vesicant action
Mackay Cedar Albizia toona Dermatitis, bleeding at nose, conjunctivitis, giddiness
Madagascar Rosewood, Bois De Rose Dalbergia maritima Can cause varying allergic reactions
Mahogany - African  Khaya anthotheca Splinters may cause festering sores or skin irritation
Mahogany - American  Swietenia macrophylla Irritation to nose, eyes, alimentary tract, nausea, dermatitis, sskin irritation, giddiness, vomiting, furunculosis
Mahogany - Miva  Dysoxylum muelleri Sap may cause irritation to eyes, even temporary blindness, headache, burning of throat, blistering of skin, congestion of lungs, nosebleeds, loss of apppetite
Mahogany, African Khaya ivorensis Can cause varying allergic reactions
Mahogany, American Swietenia macrophylla Can cause varying allergic reactions
Makore Tieghemella beckelii Dermatitis, nose bleeding, asthma, sneezing, nausea, headache, giddiness, can affect blood and central nervous system
Mansonia Mansonia altissima Dust, wood, bark - nosebleeds, sneezing, skin irritant, asthma, respiratory problems, headaches, nausea, vomiting, cardiac disorders. Splinters go septic. Bark highly toxic.
Maple - African  Triplochiton scleroxylon Can cause varying allergic reactions
Maple - Sugar  Acer saccharum Contact allergen
Marking Nut Semecarpus australiensis Sap and wood dust may cause skin lesions, eye irritation, nose bleeding
Massaranduba Lucuma procera Dermatitis, nausea, vomiting, nose bleeding, sneezing, giddiness, asthma
Meranti (Red, White, Yellow) Shorea dipterocarpaceae Sap and wood dust may cause skin lesions, eye irritation, nose bleeding
Merbau - Kwila Intsia bijuga Dust - rhinitis. Dermatitis, general irritant.
Mesquite Nahuatl mizquitl Dust - resiratory irritant. Dermatitis.
Messmate Eucalyptus obliqua Dermatitis, asthma, sneezing, nasal irritation, sinus problems
Mexican Kingwood Dalbergia congestiflora Dermatitis, asthma, sneezing, irritation to nose, throat and eyes
Milky Mangrove Excoecarya agalloche Sap may cause irritation to eyes, even temporary blindness, headache, burning of throat, blistering of skin
Miva Mahogany Dysoxylum muelleri Sap may cause irritation to eyes, even temporary blindness, headache, burning of throat, blistering of skin, congestion of lungs, nosebleeds, loss of apppetite
Molompangady Breonia rubiaceae Congestion of lungs, eye inflammation, irritation of mucous membranes, headache, nose bleed, loss of appetite, dermatitis, sores
Mountain Ash Eucalyptus regnans Irritation to nose, throat and eyes and dermatitis
Muhuhu Brachylaena hutchinsii Dermatitis, sores
Mulga Acacia aneura Dust - nose, throat and eye irritant. Vomiting and headaches.
Muninga Pterocarpus angolensis Bronchitis, asthma, dermatitis
Myrtle Myrtaceae myrtus Dust, leaves, bark - respiratory problems, sensitiser.
Myrtle Beech Nothofagus cunninghamii  irritation to mucous membranes

 N:

northern-silky-oak.jpg

Northern Silky Oak

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Nagaed Wood Oalberpia stevensonii): Bronchitis, asthma, dermatitis
Needlewood Schima wallachii Irritation to mucous membranes, bark causes skin irritation
New Zealand White Pine Dacrycarpus dacrydioides Dermatitis, irritation to nose, throat
Nkassa Erythrophlewn le-testui Headache, giddiness, vomiting, disorders of bowels and stomach, dermatitis, irritation to nose, throat
Northern Silky Oak Cardwellia sublimis Dermatitis, irritation to nose, throat

 

 O:

osage-orange-tree.jpg

Osage-Orange Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Oak - Northern Silky  Cardwellia sublimis Bark causes skin irritation
Oak - Southern Silky  Grevillea robusta Headache, giddiness, vomiting, disorders of bowels & stomach, irritation to nose & throat
Oak - Tulip Argyridendron sp. Asthma, nocturnal dyspnoea, cough
Oak (European And Japanese ) Quercus fagaceae Nasal cancer, dermatitis, sneezing
Obeche Triplochiton scleroxylon Dust, wood - dermatitis, nettle rash, asthma, lung congestion, wheezing, sneezing.
Odoum Chlorophora regia Dermatitis, irritation to nose and throat
Oleander Nerium oleander Dust, wood, leaves, bark - cardiac problems, malaise, nausea
Opepe Nauclea trillesii Dust, wood - mucous membrane irritant. Giddiness, visual disturbance, nosebleeds, blood spitting. Dermatitis.
Osage-Orange Maclura pomifera Sap - dermatitis.

 P:

poplar-tree.jpg

Poplar Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Pacific Yew Taxus brevifolia All parts - irritant, dermititis. Highly toxic
Padauk Pterocarpus papilionaceae Dust, wood - itching, nasal irritant, eyelid swelling, vomiting, asthma. Dermatitis, general irritant. Sensitiser.
Palisandre Wood Jacaranda brasiliana Nasal cancer, dermatitis, sneezing
Palissandre Honduras Dalbergia stevensonii Asthma, sneezing, congestion of lungs
Pao Ferro (also Pau Ferro) Machaerium scleroxylon Dermatitis, irritation to nose and throat, itching, swelling, redness of face, scrotum, and hands
Paper Birch Betula papyrifera Dust - respiratory problems. Dermititis.
Parinari Parinari rosaceae Dermatitis
Pau Amarello Euxylophora paraensis Asthma, dermatitis
Pau Marfim Balfourodendron riedelianum. Dust - rhinitis, asthma. Dermititis
Peroba - Red  Aspidosperma peroba) Dermatitis
Peroba - White  Paratecoma peroba Dermatitis, itching, swelling, redness of face, scrotum and hands, sore mouth, throat and eyes
Peroba Rosa Aspidosperma peroba Dermatitis
Peroba, White Paratecoma peroba Dust, wood - respiratory problems, skin irritant, headaches and nausea, sweating, fainting, drowsiness, weakness, stomach cramps, blisters.
Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Dust, wood - dermatitis.
Phoenician Juniper Juniperus phoenicea Nausea, headache, skin irritation
Pine Pinus radiata Dust, wood - decreased lung function, allergic bronchial asthma, rhinitis, dermatitis. General irritant.
Pine - White - New Zealand  Dacrycarpus dacrydioides Can cause varying allergic reactions
Pine - White Cypress  Callitris columellaris Dermatitis, swelling of eyelids, asthma, irritation of nose and throat, nasal cancer, furunculosis
Pink Ivory Rhamnus zeyheri Bark, fruit, sap - poisonous bark and fruit. Sap causes dermititis.
Poison Walnut Endiandra pleurosperma Bark very irritating to skin. Dust may cause breathing problems, vomiting, giddiness, dermatitis
Poplar Populus salicaceae Dust, wood - sneezing, eye irritant, asthma, bronchitis, dermatitis.
Port Orford Cedar Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Dust, sap etc - irritant to eyes and lungs, violent earache, giddiness, stomach cramps,. Dermatitis. Inhalation of freshly sawn wood fumes/dust can cause kidney problems
Purpleheart Peltogyne densiflora Dust, wood - nasal irritant, nausea.

 Q:

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Quebracho Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Quebracho Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco Dust, leaves, bark - respiratory, nasal irritant. Nausea, malaise. Possible carcinogen. Dermatitis.
Queensland Maple Flinderasia chatawaiana Skin irritation, dermatitis
Quillaja Bark (Soap Bark) Quillaja saponaria Asthma, rhinitis, lacrimation, itchiness of eye, sneezing, dysponea

 

 R:

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Rosewood

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Ramin Gonystylus bancanus Dust, bark, splinters - coughing, shivering, sweating, tiredness, reduced lung capacity, skin irritant. Dermatitis, hypersensitivity, dysponea
Rata Metrosideros robusta Dust - nose, eye irritant.
Red Bean Dysoxylon muelleri Eczema, irritation of mucous membrane
Red Bloodwoods Corymbia gummifera Dust - irritant to eyes and skin. Violent headaches, giddiness, stomach cramps, asthma, bronchitis. Dermatitis.
Red Cedar - Eastern Juniperus virginiana Eczema, irritation of mucous membrane
Red Cedar - Western  Toona plicata Violent headache, giddiness, stomach cramps, asthma, bronchitis, dermatitis, irritation of mucous membranes
Red Lancewood Manilkara huberi Dermatitis
Red Peroba Aspidosperma peroba Nausea, sweating, asthma, cramps, drowsiness, fainting, irritation of mucous membranes, dermatitis
Red Silky Oak Stenocarpus salignus Irritation to mucous membranes
Red Siris Albizia toona Dermatitis, bleeding at nose, conjunctivitis, giddiness
Redwood - Sequoia Sequoia sempervirens  Nausea, sweating, asthma, cramps, drowsiness, fainting, irritation of mucous membranes, dermatitis
Rengas Gluta melanorrhea Bark, sap and wood dust irritating to skin, causing dermatitis, blistering, chronic ulcers
Rhodesian Teak Baikiaea plurijuga Dust - respiratory irritant.
Rimu Dacrydium cupressinum Dermatitis, asthma
Robinia Robinia pseudoacacia Dust, leaves, bark - eye, skin irritant, nausea, malaise.
Rock Elm Ulmus thomasii Dust - dermatitis, skin irritant
Rose Butternut Blepharocarya involucrigera Bark, sap and wood dust irritating to skin, causing dermatitis, blistering, chronic ulcers
Rosewood Pterocarpus indicus Dust, wood - respiratory problems, general irritant, sensitiser. Dermatitis.
Rosewood - Bolivian Machaerium sclieroxylon Dermatitis, asthma
Rosewood - Brazilian  Dalbergia nigra Splinters cause skin infection. Dust causes dermatitis, congestion of lungs
Rosewood - Burmese  Dalbergia oliveri Dermatitis, conjunctivitis
Rosewood - Cochin, Laos Rosewood, Thai Rosewood,  Dalbergia cochinchinensis Irritation to nose, eyes
Rosewood - East Indian Dalbergia latifolia Dermatitis, asthma
Rosewood - Honduran Oalberpia stevensonii Bronchitis, asthma, dermatitis
Rosewood - Indian  Dalbergia sissoo Dermatitis, asthma
Rosewood - Laos, Thai Rosewood, Cochin Rosewood Dalbergia cochinchinensis Irritation to nose, eyes
Rosewood - Madagascar, Bois De Rose Dalbergia maritima Can cause varying allergic reactions

 S:

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Sassafras

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Saffron-Heart Halfordia scleroxxyla Splinters cause skin infaction. Dust causes dermatitis, congestion of lungs
Sapale Entandophragma cylindricum Skin irritation, sneezing
Sassafras Sassafras albidum Can cause varying allergic reactions
Satine  Brosimum moraceae Excessive salivation, feeling of thirst, nause
Satinwood - East Indian  Chloroxylon swietenia Can cause varying allergic reactions
Satinwood, Ceylon Chloroxylon swietenia Can cause varying allergic reactions
Satinwood, West Indian Fagara flava Can cause varying allergic reactions
Sequoia Redwood Sequoia sempervirens  Dust - asthma, wheezing, dermatitis, nasal cancer, hypersensitivity, pneumonia, respiratory irritant.
Silk Bombyx mori Asthma, cough, dysponea
Silky Beech Citronella moorei Irritation to nose and eyes
Silky Oak - Northern  Cardwellia sublimis Dermatitis, irritation to nose and throat, nasal cancer, asthma
Silver Birch Betula pendula Dust, wood - respiratory problems,. Dermititis. Sensitiser.
Silver Silkwood Flindersia accuminata Irritation to nose and throat.
Siris - Red  Albizia Nasal irritation, rhinorrhea
sirises Albizia Asthma, cough, dysponea
Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis Dust - respiratory irritant, asthma, rhinitis, dermatitis.
Slash Pine Pinus elliottii Dermatitis
Snakewood Brosimum guianensis Dust, wood - thirst, nausea, salivation, respiratory irritation.
Sneezewood Ptaeroxylon obliquum Nasal irritation, rhinorrhea
Soft Maple Acer saccharinum Dust - may reduce lung function.
Sonokoling Dalbergia sissoo Nasal irritation, rhinorrhea
South American Cedar Cedrela meliaceae Sap may cause blistering of skin, inflammation of eyelids. Dust may cause dermatitis, nose and throat irritant, asthma, swollen eyelids. Nasal cancer
South Australian Blue Gum E. Leucoxylon Sap may cause blistering of skin, inflammation of eyelids. Dust may cause dermatitis
Southern Blue Gum E. Bicostata Dust, wood - dermatitis.
Southern Silky Oak Grevillea robusta Headache, giddiness, vomiting, disorders of bowels & stomach, irritation to nose & throat
Spotted Gum E. Maculata Dermatitis, skin and nasal irritation, sinus problems
Spruce Picea coniferae Dermatitis, skin and nasal irritation, sinus problems
Stavewood Dysoxylum muelleri Irritation to nose and throat
Stinging Tree Laporteu urticaceae Stinging hairs on leaves and bark have intensely irritating effect on skin, may cause paralysis, breathing problems, severe pain
Stinkwood Prunus africana Dust - nasal irritant
Sucupira Bowdichia nitida Stinging hairs on leaves and bark have intensely irritating effect on skin, may cause paralysis, breathing problems, severe pain
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum Contact allergen
Sumac Rhus anacardiaceae Bark causes blisters, dust may cause dermatitis
Sweet Chestnut Castanea sativa Bark, lichens - dermatitis.
Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Can cause varying allergic reactions
Sydney Blue Gum Eucalyptus saligna Dust, wood - irritant nose, throat. Dermatitis.

 T:

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Tamboti Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Talh Acacia seyal Bark causes blisters, dust may cause dermatitis, coughing, irritation to mucous membranes
Tallowwood E. Microcorys Dermatitis
Tamboti Spirostachys africana Dust, sap, bark - eyes, skin irritant.blisters, blindness.
Tasmanian Myrtle Nothofagus cunninghamii Dust - mucous membrane irritant.
Tasmanian Oak Eucalyptus regnans Dust - asthma, sneezing, irritant eyes, nose, throat. Dermatitis.
Tatajuba Bagassa guianensis Dust, wood - allergic reactions, dermititis.
Taun Pommetia pinnata Dermatitis, coughing, irritation to mucous membranes
Teak Tectona grandis Dust - conjunctivitis, nose, throat irritant. Swelling to scrotum. Nausea. Light sensitivity. Dermatitis.
Teak - African or Iroko Chlorophora excelsa Dermatitis, rhinitis
Teak - Indian  Tectona grandis Dermatitis, conjunctivitis, over sensitivity to light, swelling of scrotum, irritation to throat & nose, nausea
Thorny Yellowwood Zanthoxylum veneficum Lesions made by thorns & splinters take a long time to heal. Dust causes dermatitis, cramp, eye & throat irritation, disturbance of vision
Thuya Burl Tetraclinis articulata Lesions made by thorns & splinters take a long time to heal. Dust causes dermatitis, cramp, eye & throat irritation, disturbance of vision
Top Box - White  E. Quadrangulata Can cause varying allergic reactions
Tulip Oak Argyridendron sp. Nasal irritation
Tulipwood Dalbergia decipularis   Nasal irritation
Turpentine  Syncarpia glomifera Inflation of mucous membranes

U/V/W:

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walnut tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Utile Entandrophragma utile Dust, wood - skin irritant.
Violet Wood or Kingwood, De Violette, Violetta Dalbergia cearensis ducke Very severe skin irritant, may lead to persistent ulceration, nasal and throat irritation, dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma
Violetta or Kingwood, De Violette, Violet Wood  Dalbergia cearensis ducke Very severe skin irritant, may lead to persistent ulceration, nasal and throat irritation, dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma
Virginian Pencil Cedar Juniperus virginiana Dust - respiratory problems. Dermatitis.
Walnut - African  Lovoa trichilioides Dysponea, wheezing, sneezing, rhinitis, nasal itching, irritation to mucous membranes, nasal cancer, irritation of alimentary tract
Walnut - Black  Juglans nigra   Can cause varying allergic reactions
Walnut - Central American  Juglans olanchana Can cause varying allergic reactions
Walnut - European  Juglans spp Dermatitis
Wenge Millettia laurentit   Dust, wood - eye, ski, respiratory system irritant. Giddiness, drowsiness, visual problems, stomach cramps. Sensitiser. Splinters go septic.
West Indian Satinwood  Zanthoxylum flavwm Dermatitis, giddiness, nausea, lethargy, gangrene, visual disturbances
Western Hemlock Tsuga heterophylla Dust - dermatitis, rhinitis, eczema, bronchial problems, nasal cancer.
Western Larch Larix occidentalis Dust - rhinitis, allergic bronchial asthma. Dermatitis.
Western Red Cedar Thuja plicata Dust, wood, leaves, bark - asthma, rhinitis, mucous membrane irritant, nosebleeds, stomach pains, nausea, giddiness, distrubance of central nervous system. Dermatitis.
White Baltic Picea abies Asthma, skin irritation
White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Sap very irritant to eye, dust causes dermatitis, abdominal pains, nausea
White Cypress Pine Callitris columellaris Dust, wood - nasal irritant, nasal cancer, asthma, swollen eyelids. Dermatitis.
White Handlewood Pseudomorus brunoniana Dermatitis, asthma, sap very irritant to eyes, dust causes dermatitis, abdominal pains, nausea
White Lauan Parashorea macrophylla Dust - eyes, nose, throat irritant. Dermatitis.
White Peroba Paratecoma peroba Dust - nasal irritant, asthma, splinters go septic, dermatitis.
White Pine - New Zealand  Dacrycarpus dacrydioides Nasal irritation
White Top Box E. Quadrangulata Nasal irritation
Willow Salix disambiguation Dust, wood, leaves, bark - allergic reaction similar to aspirin. Sensitiser.
Wych Elm Ulmus glabra) Dust - dermatitis, irritant, nasal cancer.

X/Y/Z:

zebrawood-tree.jpg

Zebrawood Tree

Tree Binomial Name-(Scientific name) Reaction
Yang Dipterocarpus alatus Dermatitis, inflammation of mucous membranes, furunculosis, inflammation caused by splinters
Yellow Birch Betula alleghaniensis Dust - respiratory problems. Dermititis.
Yellow Buckeye Aesculus octandra Nuts, twigs - the nuts and twigs contain a cytotoxin called 'aescin'.
Yellow Gum Eucalyptus leucoxylon Irritation to nose and throat
Yellowwood - Thorny  Zanthoxylum veneficum Lesions made by thorns & splinters take a long time to heal. Dust causes dermatitis, cramp, eye & throat irritation, disturbance of vision
Yew Taxus bacatta Dust, wood, leaves - headaches, nausea, fainting, intestinal irritation, visual disturbance, lung congestion, reduced blood pressure, sensitiser, highly toxic to humans and cattle.
Zebra Wood - African  Microberlinia sp. Dermatitis, headache, congestion of lungs, nausea, fainting, irritation of alimentary tract, visual disturbances
Zebrano Microberlinia brazzavillensis Dust, wood - eye, skin irritant. Asthma, breathing difficulty. Sensitiser.
Zericote, Ziricote Cordia dodecandra Can cause varying allergic reactions